One solution asks schools to overthrow the whole-classroom approach that has dominated American schooling for more than a century.
In the battle over so-called exam schools, both sides are missing the opportunity.
From coast to coast, some are attacking these selective, public institutions — schools like Stuyvesant and Bronx Science in New York, Lowell in San Francisco, Boston Latin, and Thomas Jefferson in Fairfax, Virginia — because they are seen as disproportionately excluding Black and Hispanic students while favoring Asian Americans.
They have accordingly sought to change how these schools admit students by doing everything from barring the use of test scores to using lotteries.
The counter-response has been strong and swift.